Different Types Of Skin Pigmentation

Pigmentation of the skin
So, what exactly causes skin pigmentation? The first thing we need to figure out is where the color of the skin comes from. The level of melanin or pigment in our skin determines the color of our skin, so whether you have dark or light skin, melanin is to blame. Melanin levels differ from person to person and are influenced by race and amount of sun exposure. Why is this the case?

As you can see, skin pigmentation conditions result from the body producing either too much or too little melanin. The main cause of skin pigmentation remains sun exposure, but other causes include hormonal therapy, childbirth, drug reactions, hormonal changes, genetic factors, and medications. Moles, liver spots, and age spots are other types of skin pigmentation.

Skin Pigmentation Types:

There are several types of skin pigmentation, but let’s start with the most common:
Hypopigmentation, also known as loss of skin pigmentation, is a condition in which the human body cannot produce enough melanin, causing the skin to lose some of its pigmentation in some areas.
Albinism is a condition in which the human body has very pale skin, gray eyes, and white hair. This condition has no cure, and people who have it are more likely to develop skin cancer if they are exposed to the sun for extended periods of time.

Vitiligo is a condition that causes your melanin cells to stop working or die, resulting in one or more patches of white skin that may spread, but this condition has no serious health consequences. Vitiligo patients are extremely sensitive to the sun. This condition affects nearly 2% of the world’s population.

Hyperpigmentation is a skin pigmentation problem in which the human body produces too much melanin, causing the skin to be darker than usual. This condition can also occur as a result of prolonged sun exposure or a drug reaction. Moles and other birthmarks are also signs of hyperpigmentation.
Melasma is a hyperpigmentation condition that usually appears during pregnancy and disappears after the baby is born. The mother will have darker skin on the cheeks, neck, and even the nose in this condition. It is treatable with creams that your doctor can prescribe.

After reading this article, you should have a better understanding of the most common skin pigmentation conditions and how to treat them. However, if you have any skin problems, the first thing you should do before beginning any treatment is to consult with your doctor.